Human and minority rights stand at the very core of international treaties, conventions, standards. The respect for fundamental rights, such as the right to liberty and security of person, freedom of movement, freedom of thought, conscience and religion, freedom of opinion and expression, represent the primary obligation on the part of state authorities vis-à-vis their citizens and residents in the framework of a social pact. Compliance with human rights standards thus acts as a bridge that favors social cohesion. However, in highly-polarized scenarios, where a leading group prevails over the other segments of society, human rights can be sacrificed for the sake of national interests or on security grounds. In such contexts, societal belongings, such as ethnicities and religions, can play a boomerang effect, fueling conflict dynamics within the social fabric.
The Centre for War & Peace Studies will concentrate its researches on human rights in war and post-war scenarios. We are particularly keen on assessing the two-fold nature of cultural and religious belongings, i.e. as bridges and potentially-disruptive elements. The Centre will examine the role of politics in utilizing those factors towards either peaceful or conflict-triggering outputs. The Centre will also develop an insight into inter-cultural and inter-religious mediation as conflict-management mechanisms.
The phenomenon of massive migrations is more and more overwhelmingly embedded in the framework of security, politics, national and international strategies. The increasing demographic pressure in the so-called “Third World” on European borders represents the new demand, as matched by a multifaceted and interlinked criminal offer. The crossroads of trafficking, multidirectional, involves human beings, smuggled goods, narcotics, weapons and international terrorism. Demand and offer interact according to market mechanisms. The smuggling of migrants is nowadays characterized by “production” chains, “supply” networks and a supporting economy, all in all comparable to the legal systems of economic organization. Such a setting has a complex backdrop of globalization and interdependence, where the overall volume of exchanges of goods, capitals and production factors is on an exponential rise.
The Centre for War & Peace Studies is developing a focus on the nexus between migration and human trafficking. We pay specific attention to the analysis of irregular migrants’ flows from Africa to Mediterranean Europe within the wider framework of national borders’ strategic safeguard, access to the territory and public order control. The Centre also examines the consequences stemming from the closure of the Balkan migration route in March 2016, particularly in terms of consolidation of new illegal routes and boost to migrants’ smuggling.
democracy & democratization
Countries with a high level of democratic standards in the conduct of political affairs should be less prone to inwards and outwards conflict dynamics. Democratization of both ruling classes and societies translates, inter alia, into fair and transparent elections, accountability in the management of public affairs, citizens’ participation in decision-making processes, permeability of politics to external controls and oversight, frequency of mechanisms of direct public participation, i.e. referenda. At the same time, even those states where democracy appears rather consolidated are in need of strengthening the relationship between elected representatives and their constituencies and refreshing it with lively contents and values. The internal fragmentation of societies on the one hand and the external threat of globalization on the other impose the renewal of the social pact on confidence-building grounds, with a view of containing social discomfort and frustration.
The Centre for War & Peace Studies is interested in assessing concrete cases when democracy is not taken for granted bur rather nourished daily through a sense of collective responsibility. Democratization as a therapy to prevent conflicts is analyzed in the frame of the so-called transitional countries, with the aim of measuring their level of social cohesion and constructiveness of their foreign policies.
War and peace dynamics are to be observed through geopolitical lenses for the identification of all possible components impacting a conflict scenario. In this frame, special emphasis will be placed on territorial, resource-related, ethnical, cross-border and transnational features.
Out of example, the Centre for War & Peace Studies may investigate the critical issue of globally-decreasing energy supplies and environmental changes. The latter stand at the origin of many widespread phenomenon, such as forced migrations, internal conflicts and modern wars over the management of strategic resources. Distribution of assets throughout war-torn territories and control factors in the hands of peculiar social groups or tribes are topics of interest. The Centre will conducts stakeholders’ analyses around the access and utilization of energetic and environmental resources. The link with forced migrations and, as a consequence, with trafficking in human beings is being explored in preparation for the Link Campus-based event “Solutions to end human trafficking” (CNN broadcast) on 8 November.
conflict & crisis
The Centre for War & Peace Studies aims at serving as an interactive platform for inter-disciplinary and intra-academic study and debate around conflicts and related themes with a multi-faceted approach. To this end, the Centre will interact with the Roma-based diplomatic world, international organizations, think tanks and civil society for exchanging knowledge and ideas on, amongst others, migration and trafficking in human beings, human rights and democratization in war-affected countries. The Centre will carry out researches and strive to develop a “critical thinking” vis-à-vis concrete case-studies on conflict-management, peace-keeping and peace-building, post-conflict scenarios, transition issues and international mediation processes.
Within the Global section You will find articles that, for some reasons, do not fall under other categories of the website as they have a wider scope and cannot be confined in there.
Furthermore, this space is intended for those of You who would like to support the development of our Center’s critical thinking on conflicts and ‘satellite’ topics. Therefore, we do appreciate and encourage any relevant contributions that can bring added value to our reflections on war and peace themes. WELCOME, wherever you read us from: GLOBAL is your dimension!
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